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First Aid guide for walkers

Administering first aid does not invalidate Ramblers insurance. Rather, it is better to do something than nothing.

Suspected Heart attack

  • Call 999/112
  • Sit them down leaning against a tree or the legs or back of another walker
  • Offer them an aspirin (300mg) to chew slowly
  • Give constant reassurance and prepare to resuscitate if necessary


  • Immobilise the injured part
  • Try to support the injury with items of clothing to prevent unnecessary movement
  • As soon as possible call 999/112
  • For upper arm injuries encourage them to support the limb with their hand


  • Put pressure on the wound with whatever is available to stop or slow down the flow of blood
  • As soon as possible call 999/112
  • Keep pressure on the wound until help arrives


  • Treat the cause
  • Help them to lie down. Raise and support the legs
  • Reassure them. Do not give them anything to eat or drink
  • Call 999/112 and prepare to resuscitate if necessary

Sprains and strains

  • Rest the injured part
  • Ice – the best thing is ice but failing that use a cold wet cloth
  • Comfortably support
  • Elevate injured part


  • Call 999/112
  • Your aim is to warm them up gradually
  • Take them to a sheltered place, remove and replace any wet clothing
  • Wrap them in an emergency blanket or use any other insulating material; dry leaves, heather, remember to cover their head and to put insulating items underneath them
  • Give warm drinks and high energy foods

Heat exhaustion

  • Call 999/112
  • Help them to a cool place in the shade, get them to lie down and raise their legs
  • Give water in small amounts frequently until they recover
Download First Aid Guide | 163KB PDF

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